Arvonia-Buckingham Slate Company

A Guide to the Arvonia-Buckingham Slate Company, Inc., Records, 1913–1990
Call Number Mss3 Ar896 a FA2

Contact Information:

Virginia Historical Society
P.O. Box 7311
Richmond, Virginia 23221-0311
Phone: (804) 342-9677

Processed by: E. Lee Shepard.
c 2012 By Virginia Historical Society. All rights reserved

Processed under the auspices of a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC)







Collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions
There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation
Arvonia-Buckingham Slate Company, Inc., Records, 1913–1990 (Mss3 Ar896 a FA2), Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Va.

Related Collections
Branch and Company Records, 1837–1976 (Mss3 B7327 a FA1), Virginia Historical Society, Richmond.
LeSueur-Richmond Slate Corporation Records, 1834–1998 (Mss3 L5673 a FA2), Virginia Historical Society, Richmond.

Acquisition Information
Gift of Charles E. Wingo, III, Richmond, Va., in 1997. Accessioned 4 January 2012.


Descriptive Summary

Repository: Virginia Historical Society.

Collection number: Mss3 Ar896 a FA2

Title: Arvonia-Buckingham Slate Company, Inc., Records, 1913–1990.

Size: 71 folders.

Language: English

Abstract: Historical and operational materials relating to Arvonia-Buckingham Slate Corporation compiled by its last secretary-treasurer, Charles E. Wingo, III. Arvonia-Buckingham had a long history in Buckingham County, Virginia, as one of the largest slate quarrying and production companies in the twentieth century. Founded by members of the Richmond-based Branch & Co. investment banking firm, or persons closely associated in business with Branch's principals, the company operated successfully until the mid-1980s, when its assets were sold to a subsidiary of Hi-Test Laboratories, Inc., called Buckingham Slate Company, Inc., and later absorbed by LeSueur-Richmond Slate Corporation, which is now the only remaining slate quarrying and production company operating in Buckingham County.


Scope and Content Information

The records in this collection consist of two main categories: operational records primarily comprised of minute books of meetings of the board of directors and stockholders, as well as two series of loose records; and materials relating to the dissolution of the firm and sale of its assets, and the related matter of distribution of assets of the company's pension plan to entitled beneficiaries. The company remained an entity some three years beyond its official dissolution in order to handle the latter matter, although all its assets had by then been sold and all funding of activities was covered by escrow funds established through the sale of those assets merged with those of the previously funded pension plan.



The records of Arvonia-Buckingham Slate Company, Inc. are divided into four series that reflect the overall history of the firm but are strongly focused on the dissolution of the company and the termination of the pension program. In each series description, there are notes about the record series overall, generally with some reference to specific materials within the series. The collection primarily consists of a mixture of bound volumes and loose papers, all grouped and designated by folder labels and numbers.


Biographical/Historical Information

Arvonia-Buckingham Slate Corporation, incorporated in 1913, was founded through the efforts of James Turner Sloan, a major land manager and developer, and his colleague Owen Robert Jeffrey, from a local mining family in Buckingham. They were joined by Thomas Aubrey Yancey, who also served for many years as the firm's president, and Robert Gamble Cabell, III, of Branch & Co., the firm that handed much of Arvonia-Buckingham's financial and investments affairs. In fact, while operations centered in the Arvonia region of Buckingham County, corporate activities were largely run out of offices at Branch & Co. in Richmond. The firm joined with Williams Slate Company, Inc., and LeSueur-Richmond Slate Corporation to create Buckingham-Virginia Slate Corporation in 1929 as the marketing and sales arm of these three firms. For many years these firms shared a major market for roofing and structural slate products, but in the mid-1980s the directors recommended to the company's stockholders that Arvonia-Buckingham's assets to be sold and the company dissolved, which occurred in 1985. The firm remained on the books while the company pension plan was terminated and assets distributed directly or into annuities for former qualified employees. In the meantime, the assets of Arvonia-Buckingham (quarries and mining and production facilities and equipment) were eventually acquired by LeSueur-Richmond Slate Corporation, which remains the only firm currently maintaining slate quarrying and production operations in Buckingham County.


Index Terms

Arvonia (Va.) - Commerce - History - 20th century.
Arvonia Buckingham Slate Corporation (Buckingham County, Va.)
Buckingham County (Va.) - Economic conditions - 20th century.
Buckingham-Virginia Slate Corporation (Buckingham County, Va.)
Cabell, Robert Gamble, 1881–1968.
Corporations - Virginia - History - 20th century.
Jeffrey, Owen Robert, 1878–1954.
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.
Pensions - Laws and legislation.
Pensions - Taxation.
Pensions - Virginia - History - 20th century.
Quarries and quarrying - Virginia - History - 20th century.
Slate industry - Virginia - History - 20th century.
Sloan, James Turner, d. 1934.
State Mutual Assurance Company (Worchester, Mass.)
United States. Internal Revenue Service.
Virginia - Commerce - History - 20th century.
Wingo, Charles Evans, 1917–2005.
Yancey, Thomas Aubrey.


Contents List

Series 1. Minute Books, 1913–1985.

Minute books cover meetings of the board of directors and stockholders of the company, and include copies of by-laws, resolutions, and inserted materials relating to company operations, policy, and corporate decision-making. All minute books are bound but some minutes (duplicate copies) were also maintained loose in files by the secretary-treasurer.

Box 1:
1Minute Book No. 1, 1913–1922
2Minute Book No. 2, 1922–1931
3Minute Book No. 3, 1931–1942
4Minute Book No. 4, 1943–1954
5Minute Book No. 5, 1955–1958
6Minute Book No. 6, 1958–1966
7Minute Book, 1967–1970
8Minute Book, 1971–1975
9Loose Minutes, 1974–1976


Box 2:


10Minute Book, 1976–1980
11Minute Book, 1981–1984
12Minute Book, 1985
13Loose Minutes, 1980–1985


Series 2. President's Files, 1929–1986.


A scattering of files created or compiled by the president of Arvonia-Buckingham Slate Company, Inc., survive in this collection and are listed below. Gathered by various successive presidents, James Turner Sloan, Owen Robert Jeffrey, and Thomas Aubrey Yancey, the files include materials also created by or directed to the secretary/treasurer, Charles Evans Wingo, III. Primarily, these files concern various aspects of mining and production operations.

Of particular interest in this series is an article in a 1961 issue of Mineral Industries Journal entitled "Slate in Virginia," which largely concerns Arvonia-Buckingham and features a likeness of Thomas Aubrey Yancey (Folder 26).

14Correspondence, 1959
15Correspondence, 1960
16Correspondence, 1961–1963
17Correspondence, 1964–1965
18Buckingham-Virginia Slate Corporation file, 1929–1986
19Slate Quarry Data, 1939
20News Articles Re: Arvonia-Buckingham, 1946, 1949
21Research File, 1947–1952
22Inventory File, 1950
23Amended By-Laws, 1955
24Restated Articles of Incorporation, 1965
25Mill Factors Corporation file, 1960–1961
26Mineral Industries Journal, 1961
27Right of Way, Virginia Electric & Power Company, 1971


Series 3. Secretary/Treasurer's Files, 1931–1985.


Created or compiled by Robert Gamble Cabell, III, or Charles Evans Wingo, III, these files generally cover financial aspects of the company's history or matters relating to stockholders or actions of the Board of Directors. For a time, the firm invested proceeds from its operations in stock or United States Treasury bills, and some files trace the purchase and sale of those instruments in the 1950s and 1960s.

28Correspondence, 1931
29U.S. Treasury Bonds, 1942
30Resolutions Honoring Owen Robert Jeffrey, 1955 (oversize)
31Income Statements, 1959–1960
32Income Statements, 1961–1963
33Income Statements, 1984–1985
34Financial Reports, 1983–1984
35Correspondence with Branch & Company, Richmond, 1962–1967, concerning Stock and Treasury Bills Purchases and Sales
36Receipts from Branch & Co. for Stock Purchases, 1959–1967
37Receipts from Branch & Co. for Stock Sales, 1959–1968
38Receipts from Branch & Co. for Treasury Bills Purchases, 1959–1967
39Receipts from Branch & Co. for Treasury Bills Sales, 1959–1967
40Resolution Regarding Sale of Corporate-Owned Stock, 1968
41Stockholders' File, 1961
42Stockholder Lists, 1967, 1977
43Stockholders' File, 1981–1985
44Wages/Compensation of Corporate Officers, 1982–1985
45Notes and Miscellany


Series 4. Dissolution/Pension Plan, 1984–1990.


Once the Board of Directors had determined that the assets of Arvonia-Buckingham should be sold and the corporation dissolved, a series of important actions took place. The sale was negotiated with Buckingham Slate Company, Inc., a subsidiary of Hi-Test Laboratories, Inc., of Buckingham, Virginia, that appears to have been created specifically for this purpose, perhaps as a holding company. Although papers in this collection do not reveal the process, within a few years those assets had been acquired by LeSueur-Richmond Slate Corporation, a company that had literally operated alongside Arvonia-Buckingham for many years and that had joined with it and Williams Slate Company, Inc., in forming Buckingham-Virginia Slate Corporation in 1929 to market and sell slate products from these various firms.

Proceeds from the sale of assets were placed in escrow, partly to fund the final activities of company executives in dissolving the corporation and partly to supplement the previously funded pension plan. With the dissolution of the firm, qualified participants in the pension plan were offered lump sum distributions of benefits (if they had less than $3,500 invested in the plan) or could elect lump-sum payments or the establishment of annuities with regular benefits payments. Much of the second half of this series concerns the termination of the pension plan, management of assets briefly by State Mutual Assurance Company of America, of Worchester, Mass., the creation of a trust to manage assets, oversight of the plan termination and distribution of assets by the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, and dealings of the company with the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.

Box 3:
46Resolutions of the Board of Directors, 1985–1986
47Hi-Test Laboratories, Inc., File
48Acquisitions of Assets by Buckingham Slate Company, Inc.
49Sale of Assets of Buckingham Slate Company, Inc. (bound volume)
50Dissolution Materials, 1985–1986 (Articles of Dissolution, Unanimous Consent of Directors)
51Certificate of Dissolution, 1986
52Escrow Account
53Tax Returns, 1985–1986
54Violations File - U.S. Department of Labor, 1986
55Virginia Department of Taxation, 1986–1990
56Pension Plan, 1984
57Pension Plan, 1986
58State Mutual Life Assurance Company
59Pension Plan - Summary Plan Description, 1986
60Trust Agreement, 1986
61IRS File
62Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
63PBGC Filing Materials, 1986 (volume)
64Employee Distribution of Benefits
65Employee Election Forms
66Employee Distribution/Withholding Election Forms
67Pension Plan Denial of Coverage, 1986
68Pension Plan Escrow Fund
69IRS - Pension Distribution Reporting Forms
70Pension Reversion Funds
71Financials Regarding Dissolution and Pension Plan Termination

Processed by: E. Lee Shepard.
c 2012 By Virginia Historical Society. All rights reserved