James Nathaniel Dunlop

A Guide to the James Nathaniel Dunlop Papers, 1840-1888
Call Number Mss1 D8214 a FA2


Main Entry:Dunlop, James Nathaniel, 1844-1888.
Title: Papers, 1840-1888.
Size:ca. 5,900 items.
Biographical Note:James Nathaniel Dunlop, born in Richmond, Va., in 1844, was the son of merchant and flour manufacturer James Dunlop and his wife, Ann Dent McRae. The younger man served as a common soldier in the Confederate States Army and after the war attended the University of Virginia. He established a law practice in Richmond about 1868 and worked as an attorney until his death in the summer of 1888.
Contents Note:

Include personal correspondence, accounts, land records, and miscellany of James Nathaniel Dunlop (of Richmond, Va.).

Also, include case files and miscellaneous records from Dunlop's law practice in the Henrico County Court, Henrico County Circuit Court, Richmond Chancery Court, Richmond Circuit Court, U.S. Circuit Court for the Western District of Virginia, U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, and Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals.

Also, include records concerning Dunlop's work with the Richmond Perpetual Building, Loan & Trust Company of Richmond, Va., and the U.S. Law Association, and records from Dunlop's Democratic Party election campaigns and service in the Virginia House of Delegates.

Provenance:Gift of Robert B. Mayo in 1986. Accessioned 23 December 1988.

Collection Description

The James Nathaniel Dunlop papers are divided into three series: Personal papers, Legal Practice, and Legislative Service. The bulk of the collection of Dunlop’s papers described herein concerns his law practice and political career.

Series One. Personal Papers

Boxes contain personal records, commencing with personal correspondence from 1869-1888. Primarily these are letters offering congratulations on his many orations, as well as general communications from family members and fellow University of Virginia graduates. Among the correspondents are attorney Bolling Hubard of Farmville, Va.; financier Robert Alexander Lancaster; Orange County lawyer William Wallace Scott; Albemarle County educator Henry N. B. Wood; and kinsman James Rhodes Werth.

Boxes 2-4 contain personal accounts, dating from 1871-1888. Some of these bills and receipts were generated by Dunlop’s wife, Elizabeth Lewis (Carrington) Dunlop. A large portion of the accounts concerns expenses for treatment by physicians, costs of travel and vacations, and general domestic expenditures. In 1885, Dunlop contributed to a fund to provide an interest-free loan to Confederate veteran Heros Von Borcke (folder 1). Check stub books (14 vols.), 1875-1883, and passbooks covering accounts in the Citizens Bank of Richmond (2 vols.) and the National Bank of Virginia (1 vol.) complete the personal financial records.

A significant group of land and residential records may be found in Box 5. These consist of leases, rental receipts, and correspondence with rental receipts, and correspondence with rental agents for three Dunlop homes at 112 West Grace Street in Richmond (1876-1878); 619 East Franklin St. (1878-1881); and 411 North Eighth St. (1881-1888). Another folder contains records on Dunlop’s purchase of property on West Main Street in Richmond from the estate of Dr. George Fleming. Originally, these lots were designated as part of the “town of Sydney” in Henrico County bounded by Elmwood (Main), Floyd, Elm and Strawberry streets. The records, 1884-1888, arranged by year, consist of a copy of the will of Dr. Fleming, probated in Hanover County in 1883; a deed; accounts; tax bills; letters from rental agents, tenants, and attorneys (including Micajah Woods); and miscellany.

A few scattered items concerning Dunlop’s uncle, Alexander McRae (1815-1885), may also be found in Box 5. These include materials concerning St. James’s Episcopal Church in Richmond (including an account book, 1874-1875, containing records of pew rentals); a certificate, 1871, as a life member in the Virginia State Agricultural Society; and some personal miscellany. McRae’s materials are followed by some loose items concerning the estate of Dunlop’s father, James Dunlop, over which the son served as administrator (se also the Dunlop & McCance client files described below). The materials are comprised of a deed, 1840, of Benjamin R. Curtis for land in Henrico County; a bond, 1874, of James N. Dunlop; a legal opinion, 1886, of Isaac H. Carrington concerning the estate; notices of meetings of the James River and Kanawha Company, 1881-1882; a letter of James Henry Dooley to James N. Dunlop; tax returns, 1878; and an account of the estate with Dunlop as administrator.

James N. Dunlop’s personal miscellany (Box 5) consists of bills of lading, 1878, 1885; a summons issued by the Richmond Circuit Court; tax returns (state and federal), 1868-1878; invitations (mostly printed) to dinners, reunions, etc., 1872-1883; and notifications, 1870-1885, of election to literary societies and clubs.

Series Two. Legal Practice

Subseries 2.1. General and Miscellaneous

An as introduction to Dunlop’s extensive and successful law practice, a large body of general materials is gathered in Box 6. Correspondence relates to the practice generally rather than to specific cases and was maintained with fellow attorneys within and outside the Commonwealth. Among the correspondents are John Warwick Daniel of Lynchburg; Thomas Harding Ellis; Dunlop’s early law partner, Robert Reid Howison of “Braehead” in Fredericksburg; William Wallace Scott; Legh Richmond Watts of Portsmouth; and Micajah Woods, a Charlottesville attorney and for a time deputy clerk of Albemarle County, who employed Dunlop to collect the clerk’s fee bills in Richmond.

An account book, 1869-1875, kept at the law office at 1112 East Main Street, covers Dunlop’s partnership with Howison about 1869-1870 (Howison withdrew from practice for a time after the Capitol Disaster), as well as Dunlop’s short-lived association with Thomas G. Jackson in 1873. Pages 121-126 contain records of letters received and sent; pp. 158-162, lists of cases with remarks, 1869-1870; and pp. 164-173, lists of clients.

Loose accounts cover the period 1873-1887 and consist of license taxes, receipts for book purchases, office rental expenses paid to the Virginia Fire and Marine Insurance Company, and advertising costs. For a time, Dunlop served as a notary public in Richmond. Records, 1869-1883, consist of a commission signed by Governor Gilbert Carlton Walker and notice of selection, forms for reports, and correspondence and notes concerning the taking of depositions in several pending court cases. General miscellany includes a lease and agreement concerning the law office; advertising cards; blank forms for deeds and writs; and advertising materials from law book publishers and legal association (including the American Legal association in Cincinnati).

Boxes 7-18 contain what have been designated as case and client files. Each case file consists, in almost all instances, of from three to several hundred items relating to a specific cause in litigation. These may include correspondence, writs and summonses, depositions and affidavits, accounts and receipts, deeds and wills, and the like. Case files are arranged by court and then alphabetically by plaintiff or appellant. Cases are filed under the last known court for which material survives, as well as the latest case name. For some courts, a series of unrelated “suit papers” have survived: an item or two each from litigation for which no case file has been reconstructed. These suit papers are grouped together at the end of the case files for each court, and a number from unidentified courts may be found in Box 15. A full list of case files follows this narrative description and is also filed in Box 7 of the collection. This description will simply call attention to some of the more important or interesting files in the collection.

Subseries 2.2. Case Files

Case files begin with cases from Henrico County Court, largely from Dunlop’s early practice. Among the more interesting cases is that of Dr. W. A. McCandliss v. Samuel Taylor. McCandliss, a Washington physician and patent medicine seller, appealed a judgment from a Henrico County Justice of the peace. Although a rather routine matter at the outset, the rumor of jury tampering provided an unusual added dimension to this case. Attorney (later judge) Addison Lewis Holladay acted as counsel for Taylor. Materials consist of correspondence of Dunlop with his client, opposing counsel, and the court clerk, etc.; accounts and receipts; and a notice of and commission to take depositions.

Dunlop appeared in two important cases before the Henrico County Circuit Court early in his career. John B. Crenshaw v. Susannah C. (Goddin) Cocke et al., 1869-1871, concerned the sale of land off Creighton Road for back taxes. Materials consists of a summary bill of complaint, deed, and decree (copies); a brief for the plaintiff and note of counsel; records from the lawsuit of Nathaniel C. Crenshaw v. Henry Clark in the same court, 1847-1860; auditor’s certificates; accounts, notes and miscellany.

Elizabeth Crichon (Wood) Finney et al. v. John Heth’s administrator et al., 1841-1887, represents intensely complicated litigation that was merged with related cases William J. Barksdale et al. v. John Heth’s administrator et al. Heth, a local entrepreneur, formed the Black Heath Company of Colliers in 1833, but transferred the assets of the company to the Chesterfield Coal and Iron Mining Company, formed in 1841 with a number of English backers. The Finney case involved not only Chesterfield County coal mining lands and operations, but breaches of trust with yet another firm (the Black Heath Coal Mining Company), broken marriage settlements, and rights of corporations.

Of the six folders of materials on this case, Folder 1 contains notes and correspondence of Andrew Johnston as counsel and special commissioner in the case (especially with Conway Robinson); Folder 2: petitions, commissioners’ reports, and decrees (includes materials on Black Heath Coal Mining Company, 1874-1877); Folder 3: materials concerning a compromise on royalties due Heth’s estate from Chesterfield County coal lands; and Folder 4: copies of deeds of trust. Dunlop enters the picture in Folder 5 as counsel for the heirs of Samuel Shields Saunders against the Chesterfield Coal and Iron Mining Company. Dunlop’s brother-in-law, Robert Alexander Lancaster, was administrator of Saunders’s estate and the records include letters from him and from Christopher Columbus McRae, 1880-1885, along with notes and the draft of a separate answer to a petition in Finney v. Heth’s administrator. Folder 6 consists of materials concerning the appeal of Anne Eliza (Saunders) Turpin to a decree of the circuit court in which McRae, James Christian Lamb, and Dunlop appeared as counsel (summons, letters of counsel, briefs, and notes).

The next series of cases were tried in the Richmond (City) Chancery Court. A number are worthy of note:

  • William Barret’s administrators v. William Barret’s legatees, 1874-1879. Include the will of Barret probated in Richmond; letters of Foster & Thomson, new York City law firm, and Robert P. Richardson, administrator; notes of Dunlop; clerk’s receipt; petition for appeal and letter of Judge Richard C. L. Moncure.

  • John H. Claiborne & Co., Richmond v. Edwin A. Smith, trustee, et al., 1879-1882. John Sergeant Wise acted as Smith’s counsel. Materials consist of a deed (copy) to lots on Leigh Street in Richmond; bill of complaint and answer; demurrer, reply, and order; summonses; letters of John S. Wise and notes of Wise and Dunlop.

  • Richard Henry Dibrell v. F. Tenney & Co., Washington, D.C., 1881-1887. Dibrell, a Richmond tobacconist, sued over financial notes of Oliver A. Patton (a U. S. Land Office employee in Salt Lake City, Utah, and trustee of Mrs. R. Ellen Patton) endorsed over to Franklin Tenney and William H. Crosby as proprietors of the National Hotel in Washington, D. C. (the suit actually began as a cause in the Richmond Circuit Court in 1875). The issue involved lots in the projected town of Deepwater in Fayette County, W. Va., where Dibrell had planned to open a tobacco processing plant. Materials include correspondence of parties and their attorneys; clerk’s receipts; a bill of injunction (denied); orders, rules, and a certificate.

  • Robert Harvey & Son, Richmond v. Roanoke Valley Rail Road Company, 1874-1875. Harvey & Son, contractors, sued to restrain the sale of bonds of the railroad company until their bills had been paid.

  • Planters National Bank, Richmond v. curators of the estate of Robert Baylor Lyne, 1882. Case concerns the sale of “Price Block” or the “Price Building” in Richmond. William Mackenzie of Scotland held a lien on the property. Records include letters of Foster & Thomson of New York City and Henry Gibbon Cannon of Richmond.

  • John Smith et al. v. Southern Mutual Insurance Company, Richmond, 1869-1873. Draft of a bill of complaint; printed letters and circulars of the company; assessments; an application of David Jamison for insurance on a restaurant and bar in Culpeper Court House, Va.; dividend certificates; and notes.

  • William W. Turner v. heirs of Larkin W. Glazebrook, 1878-1879. Case involved boundaries of and title to “Variety Grove,” in Henrico County, and concerned a number of Glazebrook’s children, including Rev. Otis Allan Glazebrook. Letters; receipts and accounts; notices of and questions for depositions; deed of special warranty (unexecuted) and bond of James N. Dunlop; and notes.

  • Wannemacher & Co., Philadelphia v. William Hall Crew, 1870-1878. This suit was originally instituted in Richmond Circuit Court concerning the shipment of coal from Philadelphia aboard the Schooner “Annie.” Charles Wannemacher later moved to Boston and became a commission merchant, corresponding frequently with Dunlop as his attorney. Philadelphia attorney Edwin L. Abbett, Boston lawyers W. F. & W. S. Slocum, and Alexander Hamilton Sands, attorney for Peter J. Crew, also figure prominently. Correspondence; draft bill of complaint; accounts; agreement and certificates; and notes.


Among the twenty-two cases for which records survive from James N. Dunlop’s practice in the Richmond (City) Circuit Court (Boxes 9-10), at least five are deserving of special mention.

  • George Washington Bassett v. G. F. Watson & Co., Richmond, 1876-1877. Watson & Co. were furniture makers and the suit involved a contract to cut timber on Bassett’s Farmington” plantation in Hanover County.

  • Dr. Clarence A. Bryce v. Dr. Charles A. Ellett, 1869-1886. Bryce, Richmond physician and editor of The Southern Clinic, sued on behalf of Ann S. Quarles concerning gratuitous treatment of one physician by another. Correspondence; bonds of Byrce to Quarles; a certificate concerning Ellett; receipts and accounts.

  • Charlottesville Woolen Mills v. W. G. Ferguson & Co., Richmond, 1870-1871. Henry Clay Marchant, superintendent, corresponded with Dunlop.

  • David Eynon v. The Tredegar Company, Richmond, 1871. One of the most interesting case files in the collection, this concerns the issue of patents obtained by Eynon while employed as manager of the Tredegar Iron Works. An agreement originally made with J. R. Anderson & Co., maintained that dividends would be offered as settlement for any patents obtained and also included provisions to supply Eynon with a house and fuel on Brown’s Island in the James River in partial compensation for Eynon’s services. Joseph Reid Anderson, as president of Tredegar, and Archer Anderson as treasurer, figure prominently in the case. Charles Minnigerode, Jr., secretary of the St. Louis Rail Fastening Company (of which Eynon was later general superintendent) wrote to Dunlop about the case, while John F. Tanner, a former partner in Tredegar, was called as a witness to the agreement.

  • George E. Wheeler’s administrator v. Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company, 1885-1888. In a case apparently involving the issue of wrongful death, materials including letters and accounts of Maud H. Wheeler Peay; accounts of the estate of George E. Wheeler; a deed to a lot in Henrico County; and notes of Dunlop.


Four case files from James N. Dunlop’s practice before the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals survive (Box 11). The largest of these (5 folders) is City Fire Insurance Company of Richmond v. the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad Company, 1882-1887. This cause began as a class suit in equity in the Richmond Chancery Court instituted by Virginia expatriate Robert Lewis Harrison (a New York attorney and investor) and his mother, Elizabeth Lewis Carter (Tucker) Harrison, over dividends issued to the holders of guaranteed stock in the railroad company. It was merged at some point with a similar suit instituted by the executors of Douglas Hamilton Gordon.

Folder 1:draft of a bill of complaint; note of William Wirt Henry as counsel with notations by James N. Dunlop; opinion (copy) of Conway Robinson; concluding note for plaintiffs by Dunlop.
Folder 2:correspondence of parties and attorneys, etc.
Folder 3:general correspondence of Dunlop with Robert Alexander Lancaster, John Archer Coke, William Wirt Henry, and others (arranged chronologically).
Folder 4:a memorandum of legal authorities with annotations by Dunlop; materials concerning stock owned by the estate of George Rives; accounts and receipts; and notes of counsel.
Folder 5:materials concerning Moncure Robinson etal. v. the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad Company et al. in the U. S. Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. The suit sought to restrain the railroad company from granting stock certificates to attorneys as compensation for fees as counsel in the City Fire Insurance Company case.

A second case in the Virginia Supreme Court, Davenport & Morris, Richmond v. the City of Richmond, 1883-1886, involved the removal of a powder magazine from a site on Hospital Street in Richmond at the owner’s expense. Davenport & Morris sought reimbursement and damages from the city. Records consists of correspondence of Dunlop (especially with Henry W. Wortham and the fir of Davenport & Morris); materials concerning the city council’s Committee on Grounds and Buildings resolution to require removal; draft of a complaint to the council; and notes.

A brother of Dunlop’s wife, attorney Charles Edward Dabney of “Bleak Hill,” wrote to the Richmond lawyer to obtain a supersedas from the Supreme Court in 1885 to appeal a judgment of the Franklin County Circuit Court in Peter L. Fisher v. [?] Dickinson. Correspondence is about all that survives from Dunlop’s involvement with that case. Instructions to a circuit court jury, notes, letters, and an account document a fourth case, S. D. Stevenson v. Charles M. Wallace, 1875-1880, concerning support from a common wall in buildings in Richmond, Va.

James N. Dunlop’s surviving records indicate his involvement in but one case in the U. S. Circuit court for Western Virginia, but that was a major piece of litigation. Abraham B. Goodman, Richmond tobacco manufacturer and commission merchant, sued his former business partner Lee Roy Myers over the dissolution of their firm, Goodman & Myers of Richmond and Savannah, in 1880 due to the alleged insanity of Goodman brought on by alcoholism. The records of the case, spanning the years 1873-1888, are arranged in six folders:

Folder 1:general records--bill of complaint and answer; partnership agreement (copy); and exhibits (copies of letters between partners, accounts, and copies of journal and ledger entries).
Folder 2:correspondence of parties, attorneys (including Isaac H. Carrington, Edgar Allan, Overton Howard, Thomas J. Kirkpatrick, and Charles M. Blackford), master commissioner, etc., 1880-1885.
Folder 3:correspondence, 1886-1888.
Folder 4:depositions taken on behalf of the plaintiff.
Folder 5:depositions taken on behalf of the defendant.
Folder 6:miscellany--court order; commissioner’s report; defendant’s exceptions; brief for plaintiff; and notes.

Records of Dunlop’s practice before the U. S. District Court of the Eastern District of Virginia consist of both bankruptcy files and case files. The bankruptcy files of Apollos and John Thomas Boutwell are the most complete and interesting. Those relating to Apollos Boutwell, a Caroline County farmer, largely concern the claim of Philip C. Samuel as trustee in the Caroline Circuit court and the sale of “Clifton,” in Caroline County. John Thomas Boutwell’s files, 1866-1887, are more extensive:

Folder 1:general records--correspondence with Dunlop; petition for insolvency and inventory of property; depositions of creditors; memoranda of the register in bankruptcy; writs of execution; receipts; a report of the court’s commissioner and related items; notice of appeal and bond; discharge materials; and notes.
Folder 2:materials concerning William H. Allderdice, assignee in bankruptcy--accounts; master commissioner’s report and assignee’s exceptions; petitions to the court; court orders.
Folder 3:materials concerning “Jack’s Hill,” Caroline County--proceedings: petitions, complaint, and answers of Boutwell, his daughter Lucy M. Boutwell, Allderdiee, and Boutwell’s creditors; assignee’s reports; rules, decrees, and orders; advertisements for sale.
Folder 4:materials concerning “Jack’s Hill”--correspondence (including letters of Boutwell, William Henry Fitzhugh, Marye & Fitzhugh of Fredericksburg, and Richard Launcelot Maury); and accounts.
Folder 5:materials concerning “Jack’s Hill”--Hamilton etal. v. Boutwell etal. in the Caroline Circuit Court: letters of Robert Hudgin as commissioner; circuit court decrees and judgments; accounts; federal court order.
Folder 6:materials concerning “Jack’s Hill”--miscellany: deed (copy) to Lucy M. Boutwell; rental proposal from C. B. Thornton, Jr.; affidavits; agreement with Richard Launcelot Maury as attorney for creditors; notes of Dunlop.
Folder 7:materials concerning “Liberty Hill,” “Brandywine,” “Clifton,” and “Fitzhugh’s,” Caroline County--petitions of Allderdice; deed of trust (copy) of Boutwell to Walter A. Hudgin; individual estate records.
Folder 8:materials concerning “Shady Grove,” Caroline County--letters of John Y. Martin concerning rental; assignee’s reports; court orders; receipt of Richard Launcelot Maury.

Among other bankruptcy files in this section are those of William H. Allderdice himself (concerning a claim of the East End Building Fund Company of Richmond); Charles F. Bayliss (concerning the claim of Roanoke College professor Luther R. Holland and including letters of attorney Charles Jones Sale of Loretto, Essex County); Henry J. Calisher (involving the German Building association of Richmond and the Mansion House Hotel); and Paul Spindle (concerning “Carpenter’s Rest” in Essex County and also involving Charles Jones Sale).

Case files from the U. S. District Court in Richmond include Burch Bros. of Richmond v. John E. Bolssieux et al., 1874-1877. This case involved the bankruptcy of the Mutual Building Fund and Dollar Savings Bank of Richmond, of which Bossieux was president, brought on by the Panic of 1873. The German Building Association v. Isaac Jacobs dates from 1873-1874, while U.S. v. [?] Colors involves the application of U. S. revenue laws concerning distilling and includes 1869 letters of G. J. Holbrook and D. S. Pierce.

Only one bankruptcy file from the U. S. District Court for Western Virginia survives in Dunlop’s papers. It concerns Hampden B. Nichollas, a Buckingham County attorney, and the sale of a slate quarry by trustees Dunlop and Judge Hunter Holmes Marshall. Records consist of correspondence of Marshall, attorney Camm Patteson (counsel for J. R. Williams & Co.), Nicholas, Edmund Wilcox Hubard, and Thomas Staples Martin; court order and summons; and deeds of trust and release.

A few cases from miscellaneous courts follow (Boxes 14-15), including Chesterfield County Court, Richmond City Hustings Court (including John H. Claiborne v. W.W. Caldwell and John B. Crenshaw v. John W. Drewry) and the Richmond (City) Police Court (J.D. Briggs v. Dr. James D. Moncure). The case of James S. McNeish v. James L. Purves and Robert G. Gemmell in Hanover County Court concerns a farm in the county operated by all three men jointly. Adam Purves and his mother, Mrs. Agnes Purves, jointed in an attempt to realize a return on the investment after the death of Scottish immigrant James L. Purves in Charleston, S. C., in 1872. Records include letters of parties to Dunlop; materials concerning purchase of the Hanover farm; a power of attorney, and the answer of Robert G. Gemmell (a stone cutter and mason) to the bill of complaint (draft by Dunlop). These case files are followed by miscellaneous suit papers from various unidentified courts, arranged chronologically, 1853-1887.

Subseries 2.3. Collections

Files labeled “collections” may be found in Boxes 15-16. For the most part, these individual folders represent materials concerning the collection of debts by James N. Dunlop in which he apparently was not forced to resort to litigation. Among the thirty cases are several worth mentioning. (A) The claim of the American Chemical Manufacturing Company of Rochester, N. Y., against A. O. Bliss, 1873-1879 (including letters of S. M. Henry & Co., and John Warwick Daniel); (B) Henry C. Boschen’s claim against John Trusheim (concerning a house and lot on Halifax Street in Petersburg, Va., and including a letter of Dr. James William Claiborne); (c) Charles H. A. Clay’s claim against Thomas Steers, Jr., & Co. in Richmond, 1871-1872 (concerning construction at the factory of these extract manufacturers); (D) claim of the heirs of Frederick Meyer, of Milledgeville, Ga., against the Piedmont & Arlington Life Insurance Company of Richmond; and (E) the Mutual Assurance Society of Virginia claim against William Henry Brander of Chesterfield County.

Subseries 2.4. Inquiries

Box 16 consists of “inquiries,” largely correspondents seeking information on various people, places, or legal subjects. Significant inquires include those of J. T. k& W. H. Daly of New York City (concerning the Tuckahoe & James River Rail Road Co.); Foster and Thomson of New York City (concerning property belonging to the Haxall-Crenshaw Company in Richmond and the Columbian Mills, and a separate query in regard to the estate of Dr. James McDowell); Lunsfor Lomax Lewis (concerning the security of title to land purchased through a tax sale); Thomas Taylor Munford (concerning his English agricultural manager and sheep-herder, Henry G. Rogers); Murray & Andrews of Carlyle, III. (concerning Virginia Land Office warrants and including letters of R. H. Bell, surveyor of Bath County, Va.); Samuel Travers Phillips (concerning the Mutual Assurance Society of Virginia); and William A. Smith (concerning Dunlop’s inquiry about the Confederate States Porcelain Company).

Subseries 2.5. Title Searches

Boxes 17-18 contain the surviving records of title searches performed by Dunlop for a number of individuals. These have been arranged by locality (Chesterfield County, Henrico County, and Richmond) and by street within the city. Notice should be made of searches conducted for Sarah V. Jackson (sister of Thomas G. Jackson, one of Dunlop’s law partners) in Manchester, Va.; J. J. Powell (concerning the estate of “Bloomfield” in Henrico County); and Mrs. Sophia Bear and Moses Millhiser (concerning properties on Main Street in Richmond known as the “Mansion House” tenements).

Subseries 2.6. Richmond Perpetual Building, Loan and Trust Company

With the completion of files covering Dunlop’s general law practice, several additional boxes of records concern his specialized work. Dunlop became solicitor of the Richmond Perpetual Building, Loan and Trust Company in 1875. Along with general materials about the relationship (Box 19), Dunlop saved loan applications, deed files of John R. Grimes and Richard Carter to the Company (concerning property on Denny Street in Richmond and including a letter of Legh Richmond Watts and the will of Mrs. Bridget McGrath of Norfolk, Va.), and folders covering title searches of Richmond property conducted by Dunlop for the Company.

Subseries 2.7. U.S. Law Association

A large portion of James N. Dunlop’s legal business in the years 1877-1879 involved his relationship with the U. S. Law Association, a national organization of attorneys largely designed to facilitate collection of interstate debts. Dunlop was tendered the “directorship” for Richmond, Henrico County, and the surrounding area to replace the firm of McRae & Christian. Dunlop gave us the very demanding business early in 1880, but continued to handle some matters for Association members up to his death in 1888.

General correspondence and miscellany concerning the U. S. Law Association includes letters of inquiry concerning the financial status of mercantile firms, debtors, etc.; questions of local law; and attempts to recruit members and obtain associates throughout Virginia (including attorneys’ and clerks’ recommendations). Numerous letters were received by Dunlop from Association officers and members Robert Goldsborough Keene of Baltimore; W. F. & W. S. Slocum of Boston; H. Charles Ulman of New York, president of the Association; and James M. West of Philadelphia.

Case files covering litigation instituted by Dunlop on behalf of Association clients (almost all in the Richmond Circuit Court) include two causes of particular interest (Boxes 19-20). Butterfield & Co., Baltimore v. Francis J. Reilly and P. Driscoll, 1877-1882, involved the proprietors of The Baltimore Brewery against two Richmonders who ran a bottling operation at No. 3 South 15th Street. Reinhold Von Minden v. Thomas H. Pollock, 1872-1884, concerns the claims of a prominent New York organ and piano dealer against a Richmond manufacturer and involves the transfer of leases taken in Richmond for the purchase of musical instruments in installments. Correspondence of the parties and attorneys include numerous letters written by Mrs. Von Minden, “the better business man of the two” according to the Von Mindens’ attorneys.

By far the largest portion of Dunlop’s U. S. Law Association materials involves the collection of simple debts, most of which did not go into litigation. Boxes 21-22 contain over 60 case files of these matters. The Church Institute claim against F. Sprague involved the costs of Sprague’s daughter Laura for surgery and recovery in the Richmond hospital operated by Dr. James Dunlop Moncure, 1875-1897. George E. Crawford, a real estate agent, filed a claim against Howland Grinnell to recover fees for the exchange of a farm in Hanover County for one in Ellenville, New York. Henry H. Lucke’s Son, a Baltimore firm, filed a claim against former Confederate General Henry Heth and the file contains letters of Harriet C. (Selden) Heth and Charles Selden. Lastly, the claim of R. W. L. Raisin & Co. of Baltimore against Francis Gildart Ruffin, 1877-1878, concerned the shipment of phosphate to Ruffin as agent of the Virginia Granger Movement.

Subseries 2.7. Client Files

The last portion of James N. Dunlop’s legal files is comprised of client files. These files contain information on and records of services Dunlop performed for various individuals and firms, some of which may have involved litigation. Box 23 includes the smaller general files (see case files list). The folder for Richmond businessman Cyrus Bossieux largely concerns the collection of claims as assignee of the Powhatan Phosphate Company and includes letters of Thomas J. Humphreys of Madison County, VA. The file of John Hayes Claiborne, a Dunlop kinsman, also concerns collections, as well as lots in the “Belvidera” section of Richmond. Doctor Richard N. Hudson was a Louisa County physician who employed Dunlop to make collections for him in 1875-1876. Lastly, John Warwick Daniel recruited Dunlop to represent the National Bonded Collection Bureau of Baltimore in 1873-1874.

A larger file of client materials concerns Thomas Williamson McCance, the son of the elder James Dunlop’s mercantile partner, Thomas W. McCance. The younger man’s files concern: (a) a loan to James Grieve, including a deed of trust to lots in Manchester, VA., 1879; (b) the indebtedness of R. D. James of Goochland County, including a deed of trust to lots in Richmond, 1880; (c) the conveyance of 400 acres in Chesterfield County near Halfway Station to Joseph E. Muse (the title records show that the land had at one time belonged to McCance’s partner, James Pendleton Rogers, had secured a loan for the purchase of a store and its contents at 832 East Main Street in 1874, and was later involved in the trade for McCance’s interest in the firm of McCance & Rogers of Richmond, 1874-1879; (d) the guardianship of the children of James Pendleton Rogers and Ellen (McCance) Rogers; and (e) miscellany.

The client file for Union Manufacturing Company of Richmond, 1869, 1872-1878, primarily concerns the case of John C. Lester v. Union Manufacturing in the New York Supreme Court for New York City and County. The file contains letters directed to Dunlop and James L. Apperson as president; a letter and opinion of Dunlop; proceedings and decrees in the New York case; receipt; notes; materials concerning the claim of John N. Clarkson in Richmond Circuit Court; and an authorization of bondholders and a deed of release of trustees (Robert Reid Howison and Wellington Goddin) to machinery, tools, and fixtures.

Boxes 24-28 cover the largest client file, that of the mercantile and milling firm of Dunlop & McCance of Richmond, operated by James Dunlop and Thomas W. McCance. The file has been broken up into three major divisions, relating to the company history and to the personal business of one of the partners, Thomas W. McCance.

McCance joined his uncle, James Dunlop, in the merchant business in the mid-nineteenth century and in 1853 they erected the Dunlop Mills in Manchester near the south end of the Fourteenth Street Bridge. The firm secured a number of patents for flour processing before the Civil War. During the same decade, Dunlop and McCance joined with a kinsman, Henry wood Moncure, to form Dunlop, Moncure & Co. in Richmond, importers, auctioneers and commission merchants who operated out of an office and warehouse at Cary and Eleventh streets. After the Civil War, Dunlop & McCance was reorganized to include several of Dunlop’s sons, as well as James Dunlop McCance, and James N. Dunlop, as counsel, was given a 1/9th share in the firm. James Dunlop died in 1875 and serious financial difficulties overtook the company in the 1880s so that new partners were brought into the firm around the summer of 1887 as the legislature granted incorporation to the Dunlop & McCance Milling and Manufacturing Company.

The first group of company records in the client files (Box 24) concern the firm of Dunlop & McCance generally. Correspondence of James N. Dunlop as counsel from 1869 to 1888 includes letters from William Hyslop Sumner Burgwyn, a lawyer and bank president from Henderson, N. C., who had married Margaret Carlyle Dunlop; Francis Deane Dunlop; Richard Alexander Dunlop (largely concerning financial settlements with creditors and the creation of Dunlop & McCance Milling and Manufacturing Company); and Thomas W. McCance. Records of a number of claims and lawsuits follow, including: (a) claim against Armistead & Peck of Richmond in bankruptcy in the U. S. District Court for Eastern Virginia, 1873-1874;’ and (b) claim against William Benjamin Chalkley for land on Proctor’s Creek in Chesterfield County in the Richmond Circuit Court, 1874-1880.

Records concerning Dunlop & McCance Milling and Manufacturing Company trace the efforts of the Dunlops, Thomas W. McCance, and James Dunlop Moncure to secure a charter as Dunlop & McCance Manufacturing Company as a joint stock company previous to the incorporation of the firm as a capital stock company chartered to manufacture and sell flour, meal, and all kinds of cereal products for domestic and foreign markets. These records include a report of a committee of creditors and a draft prospectus for an agreement; financial records and an estimate of assets; a circular letter and printed proposals; a printed copy of the legislative bill for incorporation; deeds of trust securing co-signers and creditors; materials concerning Dunlop & McCance Manufacturing Company; and notes.

Dunlop & McCance special files include records of the American Middlings Purifier Company v. Haxall-Crenshaw Company of Richmond, 1877-1878, in the U. S. Circuit Court for Eastern Virginia, concerning patent infringements (including letters of Conway, Robinson, Leigh Robinson, and American Purifier Company officers, and notes of James N. Dunlop) an materials concerning mortgage bonds issued by the Orange and Alexandria Railroad Company and the Washington City, Virginia Midland & Great Southern Rail Road Company held by Thomas W. McCance as treasurer of the Richmond Male Orphan Society and James N. Dunlop as trustee for Mrs. Margaret C. Thornton (including letters, printed materials, an affidavit of McCance, and notes). Loose accounts cover the period of 1871-1883; while miscellany includes printed letters to the president and council of Manchester, Va., 1877, concerning the management of water resources; extracts of legislative acts concerning flour inspections; and a circular letter, 1881, of Henry Chester Parsons concerning the Richmond & Allegheny Railroad Company and the James River & Kanawha Company.

A second group of records in these client files concerns the firm of Dunlop, Moncure & Co. (Box 25). Materials concerning a claim against Nicholas Flood Bocock, a lawyer and agent in Buckingham County, involve the rental of a room in the Maysville Hotel to the Buckingham County Court for use as a courtroom following the destructive courthouse fire of 1869 and consist of letters of Thomas Salem Bocock as executor of N. F. Bocock’s estate and William Merry Perkins as the company’s counsel in Buckingham, and accounts, 1869-1888. Later materials cover the sale of the hotel at Buckingham Court House, 1883-1884, and are comprised of letters of Joseph Barrett Gilliam and William Meredith Cabell, as well as a deed of trust of John C. Turner, 1874.

Materials concerning the title to land of N. H. Hancock and sale of this tract in Appomattox County by the surviving partners of Dunlop, Moncure & Co. to I. H. Adams & Bros. of Lynchburg consist of letters of the principals and of attorney Robert Garlick Hill Kean, plats and surveys, agreements, and notes. Miscellaneous files include materials in James H. Dooley (trustee in Bankruptcy for Asa Snyder) v. the Virginia Fire & Marine Insurance Company et al., 1877-1878 (including letters of Isaac H. Carrington and James N. Dunlop to Dooley, and orders of the U. S. District Court for Eastern Virginia), as well as loose accounts, receipts and notes concerning Dunlop, Moncure & Company, 1849-1876.

By far the largest record group concerning Dunlop, Moncure & Co. covers the firm’s investment in the Healing Springs resort property in Bath County, Va. The main property of the mineral springs, 626 acres and buildings, was conveyed to Dunlop, Moncure & Co., Hugh Walker Fry, and Allen Young Stokes in 1864, but in the aftermath of the Civil War the proprietors were unable to make the venture successful. As early as 1869 they conveyed the property to trustees Robert Reid Howison and John Warwick Daniel and thereafter sought to dispose of it.

Folder 1:general materiels--correspondence of James N. Dunlop with Richard Alexander Dunlop, New York banker Charles Meriwether Fry (concerning his claims against the estate of his uncle Hugh Walker Fry), William Hugh Fry (of Coyner’s Springs in Roanoke County), and Robert Reid Howison; notes concerning the formation and operation of the Healing Springs Company; accounts; and a deed, 1867, of Mrs. Jane Coberly to 122 2/3 acres in Falling Springs Valley at the foot of Warm Springs Mountain.
Folder 2:claims versus the Healing Springs Company--(a) P. A. & P. B. Sublett claim (including letters of Samuel Travers Phillips, 1871); (b) William Gray v. Hugh Walker Fry, 1871, in the Richmond Circuit Court; and (c) trustees of Mary Emily (Fry) Mitchell Shepherd against Hugh Walker Fry concerning the Alleghany Springs property in Montgomery County, Va., 1871-1872.
Folder 3:materials concerning John Mercer Patton (administrator of James Lindsay) et al. v. Hugh Walker Fry et al. in the Richmond Chancery Court, 1872-1879--letters (including one from Micajah Woods); receipts; decrees; notes of argument by counsel (including Alexander Hamilton Sands); notes and miscellany.

Box 25 concludes with some materiels concerning Thomas W. McCance as surviving executor of Henry Wood Moncure, one of the partners in Dunlop, Moncure & Co.: (a) materials concerning Sarah Ann Elizabeth (Moncure) Pecquet du Bellet etal. v. the executors of Henry Wood Moncure, 1873, in the Richmond Circuit Court; (b) materials, 1879-1883, concerning Marshall Ambler Moncure (including deeds to land in Henrico County for his son Ambler Brooke Moncure and records of Dr. James Dunlop Moncure concerning the Pinel Hospital of Richmond); (c) materials, 1874-1882, of James Dunlop and Thomas W. McCance as executors versus Dymond & Lally of New Orleans, La., in the U. S. Supreme Court, concerning the plantation “Fairview” in Plaquemines Parish, La. (largely letters of J. L. Tissot, attorney in New Orleans); (d) materials, 1885-1887, of Dr. James Dunlop Moncure, primarily concerning the estate of Richard Cary Ambler Moncure and legacies and (e) miscellany--letter of Richard Alexander Dunlop, 1885, and an account of Thomas W. McCance as executor, 1880-1881.

McCance’s personal miscellany includes a deed of release, 1880, of James Alfred Jones and Thomas Williamson McCance to property at Leigh and Eight streets in Richmond securing the Virginia State Insurance Company; and materials concerning a claim against Henry J. Rogers, 1875-1888, involving the Buffalo Gap Furnace in Augusta County and the Virginia Iron & Steel Co. (including letters of George Moffett Cochran, Thomas Claybrook Elder, Samuel Travers Phillips, and James Pendleton Rogers.)

Box 26 consists of an extensive number of records concerning Thomas W. McCance as committee of Joseph Trent Warwick, the insane brother of the wife of one of Henry Wood Moncure’s sons, for two decades following the Civil War. Warwick was placed as a patient at the Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane before the war, money was loaned from his estate to William Reynolds Trent, for which interest was never paid, and Julia A. (Warwick) Moncure Kendall was entitled to the estate, but she was for a time a patient herself at the Western Lunatic Asylum (later Western State Hospital) in Staunton. The records concerning Joseph Trent Warwick are grouped into four categories:

Group 1:records from Peterfield Trent (committee of Joseph Trent Warwick) v. Henry Wood Moncure, Jr., et al., 1866-1868, in Richmond Circuit Court (summons; bill of complaint and petition; defendants’ answers and petition; a letter to Dr. Peterfield Trent; commissioner’s reports and notices, 1857-1868; commissioners’ records of accounts of the committee in an earlier proceeding, Warwick’s committee v. Robert D. Warwick, guardian, et al., 1858-1865; orders and decrees of the court including the movement of Joseph T. Warwick to Western Lunatic Asylum; deeds of trust of William Reynolds Trent to Thomas W. McCance for a portion of “Little Dover” in Goochland County, 1857-1859; deed of trust to coal mining property in Goochland and Henrico counties, 1862; an agreement, notes, and affidavits regarding the lease of “Little Dover” to Joel W. Daniel, 1868; and loose accounts and notes).
Group 2:materials concerning Thomas W. McCance (committee of Joseph Trent Warwick) v. Julia A. (Warwick) Moncure [Kendall] et al., in the Richmond Chancery Court, 1877-1879 (bill of complaint and petition of Lucy C. (Burwell) Trent as executrix of Dr. Peterfield Trent; summonses; defendants’ answers; motions, orders, and decrees; notices and reports of commissioner; deposition of William Reynolds Trent; and committee’s accounts).
Group 3:materials concerning the purchase by trustees (Thomas W. McCance and James N. Dunlop) of coal property in Goochland County known as “Trent’s Pits” for Henry C. Spaulding of New York, 1873-1881 (deed of trust; letters of Dr. Peterfield Trent, David Lachland Sublett [as superintendent of the Carbon Hill Coal Mines and concerning the Virginia Coal Co.], William Miller [as clerk of Goochland County], and Wellington Goddin; accounts and receipts; notes and miscellany).
Group 4:materials concerning the estate of Joseph Trent Warwick, which Thomas W. McCance served as administrator, 1882-1888 (certificate of qualification; correspondence concerning the claims of Julia A. (Warwick) Moncure Kendall [especially through her attorneys Marye & Fitzhugh of Fredericksburg, Va.]; and accounts).

Lastly, the client files of Dunlop & McCance include materials from the lawsuit of Thomas W. McCance, surviving partner v. Frances Augusta (Jessup) Allen, executrix of Major William Allen et al., 1869-1886, in the Richmond Chancery Court (Boxes 27-28), Major Allen, of “Curle’s Neck” in Henrico County, was born William Griffin Orgain, but changed his name in order to inherit the vast estate of “Claremont” in Surry County from a great-uncle. The records of this suit have been divided into two basic record groups: proceedings and support materials.

Group 1:bill of complaint, petition, and summonses; decrees of the court; commissioners’ reports; counsels’ notes of argument, bills of exception, etc. (for plaintiff, defendants, and creditors of William Allen); statement, report, and affidavit of Mrs. Allen; depositions and affidavit of witnesses; opinions of counsel; and an award of the court concerning “Curle’s Neck.”
Group 2:general correspondence and accounts of legal proceedings (including letters of Mrs. Allen, Ould & Carrington of Richmond, Va., Conway Robinson, and Richard Alexander Dunlop); accounts against William Allen submitted to commissioners of the court for settlement; materials concerning the estate of William Allen (including a copy of a will written in Surry County but probated in Henrico County, accounts of the estate and the executrix, appraisals of property and tax assessments against the estate, and an account of an estate sale); claims against the estate (including materials from the lawsuits of Dunlop & McCance v. William Allen in Henrico County Court, 1871-1876, and James Jessup v. William Allen etal.. in Richmond Chancery Court, 1873-1877); notes and miscellany; and materials concerning the sale of property from the estate.
 a) “Littletown,” James City County (letters of James N. Dunlop, an affidavit of the James City County (letters of James N. Dunlop, an affidavit of the James City County clerk, and a bid submitted by Benjamin Ruffin)
 b) “Mills’ Garden Lots,” Seventh Street, Richmond (bonds [copies] of William Allen, deed of trust [copy], letters, accounts, receipts, and miscellany).
 c) “Low Point Mill,” Surry County (correspondence of counsel, deeds of trust, accounts, and affidavit)
 d) “The Meadow,” Surry County (correspondence, accounts, deeds, plat, and certificate).

Before concluding this lengthy description of James N. Dunlop’s legal files, note should be taken of the fact that several individuals appear frequently in the case files as either clients or opposing parties. These are Richmonders Henry C. Boschen, Charles E. Elliott, Dr. James Dunlop Moncure, and Francis J. Reilly. Check the list of case files that follow this description thoroughly for lawsuits involving these persons.

Series Three: Legislative Service

The last portion of James Nathaniel Dunlop’s personal papers in this collection concern his political career as a Democratic Party member of the Virginia House of Delegates for Richmond City (Boxes 29-30). A small number of materials concern the election campaign of 1879 (which Dunlop lost); the 1883-1884 session of the legislature (campaign cards from the primary election, accounts, letters from party leaders and constituents including Hambleton Shepperd at Warrenton, Va., and Washington, D. C.); and the 1884 session (petition from the Richmond Chamber of Commerce concerning railroad legislation and a petition from the executors of Douglas Hamilton Gordon concerning his estate).

Certainly the largest portion of political records concern Dunlop’s service in the 1885-1886 legislative session:

Folder 1:election materials and miscellany--campaign expenses; election certificate; list of members of the house; pass issued by the Virginia Steamboat Company; notes on the session; and published reports and documents.
Folder 2:general correspondence as delegate concerning political speeches, issues before the Assembly, etc.--including letters of Dr. Joseph Jackson Halsey, concerning regulation of the medical profession; Dr. James Dunlop Moncure, concerning an investigation of the Eastern Lunatic Asylum [later Eastern State Hospital] in Williamsburg; Thomas Nelson Page, concerning the Madison Ward Democratic Club in Richmond; Camm Patteson; Hambleton Shepperd (of Staunton, Va.); and Wesley N. Smith, concerning wounds received attempting to recapture an escaped prisoner.
Folder 3:letters, petitions, and materials concerning specific legislation--(a) revision of the Virginia Code of 1873 regarding vagrants and beggars; (b) an act giving authority to the city of Richmond to improve and control roads leading to the “new reservoir” and the R. E. Lee Camp No. 1 Soldiers’ Home; (c) certain courts (includes a petition signed by 21 members of the Richmond Bar Association); and (d) an act to incorporate the Virginia Pharmaceutical Association.
Folder 4:materials concerning the election of John Warwick Daniel as U. S. senator from Virginia replacing William Mahone--(a) letters of Daniel to Dunlop; (b) letters to Dunlop written by Chiswell Dabney, F. Otey Hoffman (enclosing letters of Daniel to Hoffman) and Micajah Woods (enclosing newspaper clippings concerning Daniel), and a telegram of Elizabeth Lewis (Carrington) Dunlop; and (c) a speech of Dunlop seconding the nomination of Daniel on 15 December 1885.
Folders 5-10:applications for posts in the gift of the legislature or governor, consisting primarily of letters of applicants, petitions, recommendations and testimonials, etc.
 Folder 5: legislative officers--including appointment of pages, Henry R. Pollard’s candidacy for speakership, etc.
 Folder 6: statewide offices--railroad commissioner (bill to increase number fails); superintendent of public instruction (among the candidates are Edwin Christian Glass, Horace Walker Jones, and John William Jones); superintendent of public printing; board of directors of the Virginia State Penitentiary; Virginia state treasurer.
 Folder 7: county school superintendents--including letters of James Hayes McRae in Cumberland County; George Washington Bassett in Hanover County; Chiswell Dabney in Pittsylvania County; and Dr. James Dunlop Moncure in Williamsburg.
 Folder 8: election of judges in the 1st, 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th, and 16th judicial circuits--including letters of Andrew Kean Leake and Micajah Woods supporting William Beverly Pettit in the 6th circuit.
 Folder 9: county judgeships--including candidacy of Fernando Richard Farrar in Amelia County; Camm Patteson in Buckingham County; and William Pope Dabney in Cumberland and Powhatan counties.
 Folder 10: miscellaneous or unspecified posts.

Materials concerning Dunlop’s final session in the House of Delegates (1887) consist of (a) letters to Dunlop, especially from Peter Saunders of Franklin County, concerning Democratic politics and the legislature; (b) materials concerning an abortive move to create a court of equity for the city of Richmond (including letters to Judge Edward Henry Fitzhugh and Dunlop, especially from Addison Lewis Holladay and Robert Thurston Hubard, notes, and memoranda); and (c) miscellany.

Lastly, records from Dunlop’s unsuccessful political campaign in the fall of 1887 are comprised mostly of letters of Democratic party leaders requesting Dunlop to address local gatherings of voters.


Series One. Personal Papers

Box 1

Correspondence, 1869-1888

Boxes 2-3

Accounts, 1871-1888

Box 4

Check stub books (14 vols.); passbooks

Box 5

Land and residential records; Alexander McRae materials; estate of James Dunlop; general miscellany

Series Two. Legal Practice

Box 6

Subseries 2.1. General

General materials (correspondence, 1868-1885; account book, 1869-1875; accounts, 1873-1887; notary public materials; general miscellany)

Box 7

Subseries 2.2 Case Files : Henrico County Court

(1) Dr. W. A. McCandliss v. Samuel Taylor

(2) B. A. Nance v. B. W. Roper’s administrator

(3) E. B. Spence & Son v. William T. Melton

(4) J. H. Stringfellow v. R. Bentley, Jr.

Subseries 2.2. Case Files: Henrico Circuit Court

(1) John B. Crenshaw v. Susannah C. (Goddin) Cocke

(2) Elizabeth Crichon (Wood) Finney et al. v. John Heth’s admin. et al. (6 folders)

Boxes 8-9

Subseries 2.2. Case Files: Richmond (City) Chancery Court

(1) [?] Addington v. [?] Addington

(2) William Barret’s administrator v. William Barret’s legatees

(3) Edward V. Breedon v. Powhatan Breedon et al.

(4) John H. Claiborne & Co., Richmond v. Edwin A. Smith, trustee, et al.

(5) Mrs. Elizabeth Dabney v. Lee & Goddin, Richmond

(6) R. H. Dibrell v. F. Tenney & Co., Washington, D. C.

(7) Pierre Fertoret etal. v. H. C. G. Hartman et al.

(8) M. C. Gordon v. R. H. Catlett et al.

(9) Robert Harvey & Son, Richmond v. Roanoke Valley Rail Road Co.

(10) Planters’ National Bank v. curators of the estate of R. B. Lyne

(11) John Smith etal. v. Southern Mutual Insurance Co.

(12) William W. Turner v. heirs of Larkin W. Glazebrook

(13) Wannemacher & Co., Philadelphia v. William Hall Crew (2 folders)

(14) Henry M. Wortham etal. v. B. T. Archer & Co., Richmond

(15) suit papers

Boxes 9-10

Subseries 2.2. Case Files: Richmond (City) Circuit Court

(1) George W. Bassett v. A. J. Ford

(2) George W. Bassett v. G. F. Watson & Co., Richmond

(3) O. F. Bresee v. Samuel B. Paul

(4) Dr. Clarence A. Bryce v. Dr. C. A. Ellett

(5) Charlottesville Woolen mills v. W. G. Ferguson & Co., Richmond

(6) George E. Crawford v. Charles H. Climp

(7) Doctors John A. & F. D. Cunningham v. James Jones

(8) Dee Bros. & Co., Boston v. George P. Stacy

(9) David Eynon v. The Tredegar Company, Richmond

(10) Ferguson & Co., Richmond v. Wolf Jacobs

(11) H. C. G. Hartman (administrator of H. B. Fertoret) v. C. H. Wendlinger

(12) Hall & Ruckel v. Julius E. Fischer et al.

(13) E. P. Hudgins & Co., Richmond v. D. W. Moseley, trustee

(14) P. B. Mingle & Co. v. Charles E. Elliott

(15) Dr. James D. Moncure v. [?] Firth

(16) Mutual Assurance Society of Va. v. Wolf Jacobs

(17) Prior & Hilgenberg, Baltimore v. John Rohn

(18) C. E. Redford & Co., Richmond v. Abraham B. Goodman

(19) George H. Renand v. James Moore

(20) Hermann Schmidt v. E. B. Cook

(21) Dr. J. H. Stringfellow v. William J. Cottrell

(22) Struller, Len & Co. v. Samuel Sutherland’s Son, Richmond

(23) George E. Wheeler’s administrator v. Chesapeake & Ohio Railway Co.

(24) suit papers

Box 11

Subseries 2.2. Case Files: Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals

(1) City Fire Insurance Company, Richmond v. Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad Co.

(2) Davenport & Morris, Richmond v. City of Richmond, Va.

(3) Peter L. Fisher v. [?] Dickinson

(4) S. D. Stevenson v. Charles M. Wallace

Box 12

Subseries 2.2. Case Files: U. S. Circuit Court. Western District of Virginia

Abraham B. Goodman v. Lee Roy Myers (6 folders)

Boxes 13-14

Subseries 2.2. Case Files: U. S. District Court. Eastern District of Virginia

Bankruptcy files:

William H. Allderdice

Thomas Balmer

Charles F. Bayliss

Apollos Boutwell

John Thomas Boutwell

Henry J. Calisher

Turner P. Exall

Thomas Keesee

Daniel O’Donnell

Paul Spindle

Samuel Tuckey

J. L. Whitaker & Co., Richmond

Case files:

(1) J. Twiggs Brown (guardian of Isabella G. Burnley) v. Richard Cauthorn et al.

(2) Burch Bros., Richmond v. John E. Bossieux et al.

(3) German Building Association, Richmond v. Isaac Jacobs

(4) U.S. v. [?] Colors

(5) suit papers

Boxes 14-15

Subseries 2.2. Case Files: U. S. District Court. Western District of Virginia

Hampden B. Nicholas (bankruptcy file)

Subseries 2.2. Case Files: Miscellaneous courts

Chesterfield County Court

  • John W. Harwood et al. v. William Ambers et al.

Hanover County Court

  • James S. McNeish v. James L. Purves and Robert G. Gemmell

Richmond (City) Hustings Court

  • John H. Claiborne v. W. W. Caldwell
  • John B. Crenshaw v. John B. Drewry
  • suit papers

Richmond (City Police Court

  • J. D. Briggs v. Dr. James D. Moncure
  • suit papers

miscellaneous suit papers, 1853-1887, unidentified courts

Boxes 15-16

Subseries 2.3. Collections

(1) Alberti, Prior & Co., Baltimore v. D. Francisco

(2) American Chemical Manufacturing Co., Rochester, N. Y. v. A. O. Bliss

(3) Aschenbach & Miller, Philadelphia, Pa. v. F. J. Reilly

(4) Bedford Sentinel, Liberty, Va. v. George R. Harding

(5) Henry C. Boschen v. John Trusheim

(6) Charles H. A. Clay v. Thomas Steers, Jr., & Co.

(7) Dr. F. D. Cunningham v. W. C. Fignerf

(8) Conrad Eckhardt v. George P. Stacy

(9) Holman Erwin (executor of A. B. Nichols) v. Joseph H. Shelton

(10) estate of Henry M. Fisher v. [?] Johnson

(11) M. C. Gordon v. Alfred R. James

(12) H. C. G. Hartman (administrator of H. B. Fertoret) v. [?] Delarue

(13) William Hotopp v. E. Matthews

(14) V. Jordan v. Herman S. Johnson

(15) Malachy McCormack v. Patrick Fogarty

(16) heirs of Frederick Meyer v. Piedmont & Arlington Life Insurance Co., Richmond

(17) G. W. Morriss v. Clark Scull

(18) Mortimer & Mowbray, Baltimore v. W. M. Dade

(19) Mutual Assurance Society of Va. v. William H. Brander

(20) Mrs. Emile Noel v. Daniel D. Talley

(21) Peoples’ National Bank, Charlottesville v. Central Lunatic Asylum

(22) J. Perry & Co., Boston v. Max Heyman & Co., Richmond

(23) C. H. Price v. Lavinia J. (Ragland) McCaw

(24) Rahter & Hause, Harrisburg, Pa. v. F. J. Reilly

(25) John A. Robinson v. C. C. Tinsley

(26) H. M. Smith & Co., Richmond v. [?] Christian

(27) Stein & Co., Baltimore v. H. S. Kaufman

(28) Virginia Fire & Marine Ins. Co. v. James A. Harrison

(29) Dr. Edward Warren v. Mrs. Richard Frazier

(30) John C. Wilson v. [?] Chalkley

(31) miscellaneous collections

Box 16

Subseries 2.3. Inquiries

(1) Frank P. Clark re: Edward Boyle

(2) J. T. & W. H. Daly, New York City, re: Tuckahoe & James River Rail Road Co

(3) Foster & Thomas, New York City, re: Haxall-Crenshaw Company, Richmond

(4) Foster & Thomas, New York City, re: the estate of Dr. James McDowell

(5) Hugh R. Garden re: R. C. Newly

(6) Gazzam & Cochran, Pittsburgh, Pa., re: the estate of Abraham Palmer

(7) Patrick Keith re: John M. Alpenburgh

(8) J. H. Lewis re: enforcement of contracts

(9) Lunsford Lomax Lewis re: security of title acquired through tax sale

(10) Charles X. Mathews re: Dr. [?] Stuart

(11) Thomas T. Munford re: Henry G. Rogers

(12) Murray & Andrews, Carlyle, III., re: Virginia Land Office Warrants

(13) George W. Paul re: John H. Boschen

(14) S. Travers Phillips re: Mutual Assurance Society of Va.

(15) William A. Smith re: Confederate States Porcelain Company

(16) George P. Straley re: Robert Freeman, William Matthews and Henry Saunders

(17) Jefferson R. Taylor re: the divorce of Thomas R. Joynes & Catherine (Wynne) Joynes

(18) Ann E. Turpin re: the estate of John G. Turpin

(19) S. G. Whittle re: C. H. Ingles

(20) S. A. Will re: land in Goochland and Henrico counties belonging to Henry Atkinson

(21) miscellaneous inquiries

Boxes 17-18

Subseries 2.4. Title Searches

Chesterfield County (including Manchester)

  • Cornelius D. Elliott
  • Sarah V. Jackson (Jefferson St.)

Henrico County

  • James M. Anderson
  • Bartholomew Hackett
  • Moses M. Robinson
  • J. J. Powell (“Bloomfield”)
  • Emma J. Turner (Sydney)
  • Mark A. Tyndall
  • miscellaneous lots & tracts

Richmond City (by Street)

  • Jacob Rumbough
  • Herman C. Boschen (Arch St.)
  • Mrs. Patsy Brown (Baker St.)
  • Hugh L. Davis (Baker St.)
  • Elizabeth Pauline Bohannon (Broad St.)
  • Peter J. Quinn (Cedar St.)
  • Peter O’Connor (Clay St.)
  • Mrs. Julia Johnson (Duval’s Addition)
  • Fleming P. Gentry (Fifth St.)
  • Eudora V. Goode (Franklin St.)
  • James Findley (Lester St.)
  • Jacob S. Atlee & George D. Pleasants (Louisiana St.)
  • [?] Kerse (Louisiana St.)
  • Mrs. Sophia Bear (Main St.)
  • William F. Drinkard (Main St.)
  • Moses Millhiser (Main St.)
  • Sampson Hirsh (Marshall St.)
  • Leonard L. Lacy (Marshall St.)
  • N. K. White (Marshall St.)
  • Cornelius A. Scott (Navy Hill)
  • F. C. Bauer (Nicholson St.)
  • Andrew Felix Tiller (Second Street)
  • Henry Burkhardt (Seventeenth St.)
  • Gideon W. Morris (State St.)
  • Augustus Menton (Twenty-fifth St.)
  • A. Mayo (Twenty-seventh St.)
  • Robert H. Whitlock (Valley St.)
  • miscellaneous lots and tracts

Box 19

Subseries 2.5. Richmond Perpetual Building, Loan and Trust Company

(1) general materials as solicitor

(2) loan applications; and deeds of John R. Grimes & Richard Carter

(3) title searches:

  • H. D. Danforth (Seventh St.)
  • R. H. Gresham (Twenty-seventh St.)
  • Ann S. Hewlett (Adams St.)
  • Mrs. Louisa Sadler (Church St.)
  • M. J. Tyndall (First St.)
  • miscellaneous searches

Boxes 19-22

Subseries 2.6. U. S. Law Association

general correspondence and miscellany

case files:

  • (1) Advena & Heald, Philadelphia v. Charles E. Elliott
  • (2) Biddle Hardware Co., Phila. v. Charles E. Elliott
  • (3) Wm. H. Brown & Bro., Baltimore v. J. H. Childrey & Co., Richmond
  • (4) Butterfield & Co., Baltimore v. F. J. Reilly and P. Driscoll
  • (5) Wm. H. Cole & Sons, Baltimore v. Charles E. Elliott
  • (6) Ellis & Millner, Boston v. William Daffron
  • (7) Ellis & Milner v. M. Raabe
  • (8) A. Goldback & Co., Richmond v. L. Heyniger & Co., NYC
  • (9) W. H. Harrison, v. R. D. Mitchell & Son, Richmond
  • (10) Rogge & Koch, Baltimore v. W. H. H. Smith
  • (11) Nelson W. Scott v. the estate of B. W. Green
  • (12) Swindell Bros., Baltimore v. J. H. Childrey
  • (13) Reinhold Von Minden v. Thomas H. Pollock (3 folders)


  • (1) Alexander Agar v. William A. Edwards
  • (2) B. F. Barclay v. John B. Crenshaw
  • (3) H. A. Bartlett & Co., Phila. v. Gresset & Greaner, Richmond
  • (4) Herman Boker & Co., NYC v. Charles E. Elliott
  • (5) Charles P. Bromley v. B. W. Gillis
  • (6) Dr. Thomas R. Brown v. estate of James A. Turpin
  • (7) Wm. H. Brown & Bro., Baltimore v. Robert Lecky
  • (8) James T. Burns & Co., NYC v. Mrs. E. J. Thurston
  • (9) E. P. Burton v. Masters & Booth, Tunstalls Station, Va.
  • (10) W. E. & N. H. Camp, Phila. v. Thomas W. Graves
  • (11) H. P. Chandlee & Sons, Balt. v. A. W. Nolting, Jr.
  • (12) Church Institute, Richmond v. F. Sprague
  • (13) Colwell Lead Co. v. M. H. Sutherland
  • (14) George E. Crawford v. Howland Grinnell
  • (15) Samuel H. Crawford v. J. H. Grigg
  • (16) John Deemers Sons, Phila. v. Henry C. Boschen
  • (17) W. & B. Douglas, Middletown, Conn. v. Rhame & Hunter, Richmond
  • (18) Duchscher & Mischel, Cincinnati, Ohio v. George P. Stacy
  • (19) Ellis & Milner, Boston v. Arthur Rooney
  • (20) P. F. Gehrmann & Co., Baltimore v. M. E. Blakey
  • (21) E. C. Goddin v. William A. Folkes
  • (22) E. S. Goldsmith v. J. L. Cowardin
  • (23) Goodyear Rubber Co. v. Henry C. Boschen
  • (24) Gumbert Bros., Phila. v. John D. Snellings & Co.
  • (25) L. C. Hall, Jr., & Co., Phila. v. Henry C. Boschen
  • (26) Hugh Hardman v. Thomas H. Pollock
  • (27) James Hazlitt & Co., Baltimore v. H. W. Rudolph
  • (28) L. Heyniger & Co. v. Carnell Son & Co., Richmond
  • (29) Hollander & Prechtgel, Baltimore v. F. John
  • (30) J. M. Holmes & Sons, Baltimore v. W. B. Smith
  • (31) Karl Hutter v. Carl Euker
  • (32) Karl Hutter v. Francis J. Reilly
  • (33) Max Jacoby v. B. T. Franck
  • (34) John Henry Keene, Jr., trustee v. H. Rosenheim
  • (35) S. Kind & Co., Phila. v. H. L. Davis & Co., Richmond
  • (36) S. Kind & Co., Philadelphia v. Leon Schaap
  • (37) Lan & Garlicks v. estate of Samuel Sutherland
  • (38) Henry H. Lucke’s Son, Baltimore v. Henry Heth
  • (39) J. C. MacKey v. A. W. Curtis & James O’Brien
  • (40) Thomas McMahon v. Charles E. Elliott
  • (41) John Maxheimer v. Smith & McCurdy
  • (42) Miller & Krips, Philadelphia v. M. E. Gary
  • (43) Mitchell, Vance & Co., Baltimore v. P. Mannoni
  • (44) Samuel Musgrave v. Richmond Cedar Works
  • (45) Charles Pracht & Co., Baltimore v. P. Mannoni
  • (46) Prior & Hilgenberg, Baltimore v. Joseph Rose
  • (47) F. Pastet v. T. E. Tholl
  • (48) R. W. L. Raisin & Co., Balt. v. Francis G. Ruffin
  • (49) H. Runkel & Co. v. D. Columbus
  • (50) A. P. Sandburg v. J. J. Gann
  • (51) Francis Schleuner & Co., Baltimore v. B. Becker
  • (52) Peter Schneider & Co. v. John Schleischer
  • (53) Geo. Tiemann & Co. v. Berrian & McPhail, Richmond
  • (54) Geo. Tiemann & Co. v. John W. Rison
  • (55) [?] Turner v. [?] Tighe
  • (56) S. W. H. Ward’s Sons, NYC v. N. Montgomery
  • (57) S. W. H. Ward’s Sons, NYC v. J. H. Simpson
  • (58) B. Wheatley v. James Powers
  • (59) Wiesenfeld & Co., Baltimore v. C. B. Thornton
  • (60) William Wilkins & Co. v. F. W. Kelsee
  • (61) Ziegler Bros. Philadelphia v. Henry Gunst
  • (62) miscellaneous claims, 1877-1881

Box 23

Subseries 2.7. Client Files (General)

Cyrus Bossieux

John Hayes Claiborne

Dr. Richard N. Hudson

Thomas Williamson McCance

National Bonded Collection Bureau, Baltimore

Union Manufacturing Company, Richmond

Boxes 24-28

Subseries 2.7. Client Files (Dunlop & McCance)

(a) Correspondence; claims and lawsuits; incorporation records; special files; accounts and miscellany

(b) Dunlop, Moncure & Co.: claim against Nicholas F. Bocock; Appomattox lands; Healing Springs Company; miscellany

(c) Thomas W. McCance: personal materials; executor of Henry Wood Moncure; committee of Joseph Trent Warwick; McCance (surviving partner of Dunlop & McCance) v. Frances A. J. Allen

Series III. Legislative Service

Box 29

House of Delegates election, 1879; session 1883-1884; session 1884

Boxes 29-30

Session 1885-1886

Box 30

Session 1887; election campaign, 1887

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Last updated: February 12, 2002