William Tayloe Murphy

A Guide to the papers of William Tayloe Murphy, 1977-2000
Call Number Mss1 M9592 a

Administrative Information


Collection is open for research.


Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.


Preferred Citation

Papers, William Tayloe Murphy, 1977-2000, (Mss1 M9592 a), Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Va.


Acquisition Information

Gift of William Tayloe Murphy, Jr. of Warsaw, Va. in 2000. Accessioned September 24, 2008.


Descriptive Summary


Repository:Virginia Historical Society
Collection Number:Mss1 M9592 a FA2
Collection Name:William Tayloe Murphy Papers, 1977-2000.
Size:21 linear feet.
Abstract:Correspondence, reports, and other materials documenting Murphy’s tenure in the Virginia General Assembly.


Scope and Content Information


Papers, 1977-2000, of William Tayloe Murphy ([1933- ] of Westmoreland County, Va.), primarily concerns Murphy's tenure in the Virginia General Assembly as a Delegate for the 99th District. His papers consists of correspondence, reports, studies, and other supporting materials Murphy collected and used during these years. The collection also includes materials relating to Murphy's campaigns including campaign finance reports, campaign literature, and voter surveys. The collection also contains some personal papers and materials including correspondence, invitations, greeting cards, and photographs.

The bulk of the collection is made up of Murphy's legislative papers. Murphy's committee assignments in the Virginia General Assembly include Labor and Commerce, Courts of Justice, Corporations Insurance and Banking, and Chesapeake and it Tributaries. His legislative papers reflect his work on these committees, especially his work on legislation to protect the Chesapeake Bay, and materials related to legislation of which Murphy was Patron or Co-Patron. Also included in his legislative papers are materials from committees and boards on which he served that were directly related to his activities as a Delegate, such as the Chesapeake Bay Commission and the Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission.


Biographical/Historical Information


William Tayloe Murphy (b. 1933), was born in Emmerton, Richmond County, Va., the son of W. Tayloe Murphy and Katherine Bradford Griffith. Murphy received his B.A. in 1953, from Hampden-Sydney College and his law degree from the University of Virginia in 1960. Murphy also was commissioned an Ensign in the United States Naval Reserve from 1954-1957. He served aboard the U.S.S. Newport News, and also served on the staff of the Supreme Allied Commander of NATO.

Murphy practiced law with the firm of Hunton, Williams, Gay, Powell, and Gibson in Richmond, Va., from 1960-1964. He went into private practice in Warsaw, Va., in 1964 with the firm Smith, Murphy & Taliaferro. Murphy has also served on numerous boards and commissions.

Murphy was elected to the Virginia General Assembly as a Delegate and represented the 99th District from 1982 until his retirement in 2000. Murphy’s tenure was most notable for his work on the Chesapeake Bay Preservation Act and his other efforts to conserve the Bay and Virginia’s resources. After his retirement from the General Assembly, Murphy was appointed Secretary of Natural Resources in 2000 and served until 2006.




The papers of William Tayloe Murphy, Jr. are divided into four series: general correspondence, legislative papers, campaign materials, and personal materials. His legislative papers make up the bulk of the collection.

Murphy used a subject filing system to organize his papers. Efforts have been made to preserve this order. The collection is organized primarily by subject, with like items being filed chronologically.


Index Terms


Banking law – Virginia – History – 20th century.
Chesapeake Bay Foundation.
Chesapeake Bay (Md. and Va.) – Environmental conditions.
Environmental policy -- Virginia.
Murphy W. Tayloe (William Tayloe), 1933-
Political campaigns -- Virginia -- History -- 20th century.
Virginia -- Politics and government -- 20th century.
Virginia. General Assembly. House of Delegates -- Committee on the Chesapeake and its Tributaries.
Virginia. General Assembly. House of Delegates -- Corporations, Insurance and Banking Committee.
Virginia. General Assembly. House of Delegates -- Committee on Labor and Commerce.
Virginia. General Assembly. House of Delegates -- Courts of Justice Committee.
Virginia. General Assembly. House of Delegates -- Members -- History -- 20th century.
Virginia. General Assembly. Joint Legislative Audit & Review Commission.
Virginia. Secretary of Natural Resources.




Series 1. Correspondence, 1983-1999.

This series contains the general correspondence of Delegate William Tayloe Murphy while he served in the General Assembly. The correspondence covers a wide range of subjects related to his work as a Delegate and includes letters from his constituents on their opinions and concerns.

Box 1


Box 2


Series 2. Legislative Papers, 1977-2000.

This series contains correspondence, reports, and supporting materials relating to Delegate William Tayloe Murphy’s work in the House of Delegates. These materials are arranged by subject and filed alphabetically. Many of the subject files relate to Murphy’s involvement in legislation and activities to preserve and protect the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries.

Folder21Abortion (1989-1990)                                                                                                                                         
 22Abortion – Parental Notification (1994; House Bill 1355)
 23Ad Hoc Study of Legal Ethics, client Fraud, and Embezzlement (1992, 1995)
 24Address to the Virginia the Virginia General Assembly (1994)
 25Alliance for the Chesapeake Bay (1989-1999)
 26Appeals of Water Control and Air Pollution Control Boards Actions (1996; House Bill 1412)
 27Appointments (1992-1998)
 28-30Article V Proposal (1989-1996)

Box 3

Folder31Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission (1991-1995; House Bill 374)                                                           
 32Attorney General Opinions (1991-1998)
 33Banking (1998)
 34Belle Isle State Park, Lancaster County, Va. (1992-1993)
 35-36Blue Cross Blue Shield (1992)
 37Boating and Watercraft Bills (1998)
 38Caledon Natural Area (1998-1989)
 39-41Capitol Square Preservation Council (1994-1999)
 42Car Tax (1998)
 43Central Virginia Farmers Market Feasibility Analysis and Economic Impact (1995; study)
 44Chandler’s Mill Pond Dam, Westmoreland Co., Va. (1992-1993)
 45Chesapeake Bay (1984-1995)
 46-50Chesapeake Bay Commission (1980-1999)

Box 4

Folders51-65Chesapeake Bay Commission (1980-1999)                                                                                                                      
 66-68Chesapeake Bay Foundation (1990-1998)

Box 5

Folder  69Chesapeake Bay Land Use Roundtable (1987, report)                                                                                                           
 70Chesapeake Bay Legislative Advisory Commission (1980, report Maryland and Virginia)
 71Chesapeake Bay Local Assistance Department (1989-1998)
 72Chesapeake Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve System in Virginia (1992)
 73-81Chesapeake Bay Preservation Act (1986-1993)
 82Chesapeake Bay Preservation Act Extension (1996)
 83Chesapeake Bay Restoration Fund Advisory Committee (1995-1996)

Box 6

Folders  84-88Chesapeake Bay Tributary Strategies (1994-1999; materials relating to Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia tributary strategies)                       
 89Chesapeake Executive Council (1988)
 90Clean Air Act (1992)
 91Colonial Beach, Va. (1990-1999)
 92Commission on Population Growth and Development (1993, report reviewing proposed growth legislation)
 93-94Commission Studying Creative Solutions for Funding the Arts in the Commonwealth (1996)
 95Commission on Population Growth and Development (1993, report)
 96Committees on Commerce, Insurance, and Banking (1999)
 97Confined Animal Feeding Operations (1999, House Bill 991)
 98Commonwealth of Virginia Year 2000 Assessment (1997)
 99Constituent Services (1994)
 100Council on the Environment (1987-1992
 101Council of State Government Environmental Task Force
 102Cover Sheets; Circuit Court Clerk (1998-1999)
 103Crab Trap Legislation (1995)
 104-05Democratic Caucus (1991-1998)

Box 7

Folder106Democratic Party (1990-1996)
 107Department of Conservation and Recreation (1993-1999)
 108Department of Conservation and Historic Resources (1986-1987)
 109-10Department of Environmental Quality (1992-1999)
 111Department of Forestry (1991-1995)
 112Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (1988-1998
 113Department of Health (1986-1992)
 114Department of Historic Resources (1994-1999)
 115Department of Housing and Community Development (1995)
 116Department of Mental Health (1995, 1999)
 117Department of Motor Vehicles (1990-1994, 1999)
 118Department of Planning and Budget (1994-1995)
 119Department of Taxation (1994-1995)
 120-22Department of Transportation (1993-1999, including correspondence and supporting materials on the Norris Bridge)
 123Department of Waste Management (1987)
 124-25Disney Company Incentive Package (1994)

Box 8

Folder126Eastern Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station (1995)                                                                                        
 127-28Education (1992-1999)
 129Erosion and Sediment Control (1993)
 130Essex County, Va. (1993-1998)
 131Family Court Planning Advisory Committee (1993-1994)
 132Federal Retiree Pension Case (1993)
 133Fingerprints for School Boards (1999, House Bill 1451)
 134Foundation for Historic Christ Church (1995-1996)
 135-146Future Of Virginia’s Environment (1996-1999)

Box 9

Folders  147-150General Assembly (1995, 2 folders; 1999, proposed budget for 2000-2002; 1988-1999, miscellaneous papers)                                
 151Governor of Virginia (1995-1999)
 152-56Governmental Actions Affecting Private Property Rights (1993-1996)
 157Haynesville Correctional Center (1994)
 158Head Start, Northern Neck (1992-1993)
 159HIV/AIDS Subcommittee (1998, Joint House Resolution 269)
 160-65Highway Beautification Bills (1997-1998)
 166Holley Graded School, Northumberland County (1989-1990)
 167-69House Appropriations Committee (1996, 1997, 1999)
 170House Appropriations, House Finance, and Senate Finance Committees (1997)

Box 10

Folder171House Democratic Caucus (1995)                                                                                                             
 172-73House of Delegates (1997 voting record; 1999 bills)
 174-181Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation (1994-2000)
 182Joint Commission on Management of the Commonwealth’s Workforce (1994)
 183-87Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission, folders 1-5 of 14 (1992-1999)

Box 11

Folders188-196Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission, folders 6-14 of 14 (1992-1999)                                                        
 197-201King George County, Va. (1990-1999)
 202Kinsale Bridge, Westmoreland County, Va. (1993-1994)
 203Labor and Commerce Committee (1996)
 204Lake Gaston-Virginia Beach Pipeline (1995)
 205Lancaster County, Va. (1993-1999)
 206Land Development Patters (1998, House Joint Resolution 195)
 207Landscape Architecture Week (1998-1999, House Bill 1449)
 208Law Digest (1994-1999)

Box 12

Folder209Legal Ethics, Client Fraud, and Embezzlement (1992-1993)                                                               
 210Legislative Aides (1990-1997)
 211-12Legislative Issues (1994, 1996)
 213Library of Virginia (1996-1998 Senate Joint Resolution 300)
 214Lobbyist (1996)
 215Marine Resource Commission (1987-1997)
 216Menhaden Industry (1994-1996)
 217Montross, Va. (1991-1998)
 218Moss Commission (1997-1998 House Joint Resolution 221)
 219National Caucus of Environmental Legislators (1996)
 220National Conference of State Legislators (1996)
 221-22Newspaper Clippings
 224-26Non-Tidal Wetlands (1989-1991)

Box 13

Folders227-230Northern Neck Economic Development Forum (1987-1989)                                                                              
 231-33Northumberland County, Va. (1990-1996)
 234Open Space Legislation (1999, House Bill 1550)
 235Oyster Grounds Legislation (1998-1999, House Bill 2272)
 236Page Applications (1991-1999)
 237Personnel Records (1984-1992)
 238-242Poultry Waste Management in Chesapeake Bay Watershed, folders 1-5 of 9 (1998, House Bill 1207)

Box 14

Folders243-46Poultry Waste Management in Chesapeake Bay Watershed, folders 6-9 of 9 (1998, House Bill 1207)                 
 247Potomac River Fisheries Commission (1995-1996)
 248-49Press Releases and Reports (1986-1999)
 250-52Public Trust Doctrine (1990)
 253Rappahannock Area Development Commission (1998)
 254Rappahannock Regional Small Business Development Center (1993-1994)
 255-59Rappahannock River Basin Study Commission (1996-1999)

Box 15

Folders260-261Rappahannock River National Wildlife Refuge (1991-1994)
 262Rappahannock River Valley Association (1990-1991)
 263Regional Jail, Northern Neck area (1992-1998)
 264Report of the Citizens’ Advisory Committee on Legislative Compensation (1998)
 265Report, Governor’s Study Commission on Virginia’s Royalty Assessment Program (1988)
 266Report, Imposing Market Discipline on Public Colleges and Universities (1998, Produced by Virginia Institute for Public Policy)
 267Report, Lower Dry River Water Quality Improvement Project (1995)
 268Report, Patuxent River Basin Update (1986, Produced by Maryland Office of Environmental Programs)
 269Report, The Potomac: Protecting the Nation’s River (1998, Produced by USDA)
 270Republican Party (1977-1987, 1994)
 271Request for Sales and Use Tax Exemptions (1995)
 272Rice’s Hotel, Heathsville, Va. (1994)
 273-74Richmond County, Va. (1990-1995)
 275Riverboat Gambling (1993-1994, House Bill 1242)
 276Salt Water Recreational Fishing License (1992-1995, House Bills 788 and 1009)
 277Sandbridge Beach Erosion Control Project (1985-1986)
 278-79Scenic Virginia (1998-1999)
 280Senate Bill – Right to Practice Forestry (1996, Senate Bill 542)
 281Service Credit for Annual Leave Accrual for State Employees (1998-1999, House Bill 1855)
 282Small Business Development Centers (1991-1993)
 283Smart Growth (1997)
 284Social Services Issues (1992-1993)
 285Soil and Water Conservation (1991-1999)
 286Solid Waste Management Facility Siting (1999, House Bill 2433)
 287Southeast Interstate Low Level Radioactive Waste Management Commission (1992-1993)

Box 16

Folders288-290Southern Growth Policy Board (1992-1994)
 291-92Standing Study (1990-1991, House Joint Resolution 187)
 293State Arboretum of Virginia (1999)
 294-95Sustainable Development Legislation (1993-1996, House Joint Resolution 291-536)
 296Takings Legislation (1996)
 297-98Tidal Shoreline Erosion Policy (1986-1988)
 299Tire Disposal Legislation (1999, House Bill 2070)
 300Transfer of Historic Preservation Revolving Fund to Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (1998)
 301Transferable Development Rights Study (1990)
 302Transportation in Virginia, Report by Southern Environmental Law Center (1999)
 303United Water Rate Increase (1997)
 304Urinalysis Legislation (1998, House Bill 1453)
 305-07Virginia Bar Association (1993-1999)

Box 17

Folder308Virginia Chesapeake Bay Program (1993-1996)                                                                                    
 309Virginia Code Commission (1995)
 310Virginia Council on Child Day Care (1992-1994)
 311Virginia Electric Utility Restructuring Act (1999)
 312Virginia Employment Commission (1995-1998)
 313Virginia Environmental Policy Act (1999)
 314Virginia Food Laws (1993)
 315Virginia Free (1997)
 316-323Virginia Geographic Information Network (1994-1999)
 324-25Virginia Institute of Marine Science (1987-1999)
 326Virginia Lottery (1998)

Box 18

Folders327-29Virginia marine Resource Commission (1988, House Bill 1028)                                                                    
 330Virginia Military Institute –Admission Policy (1991)
 331Virginia Outdoor Foundation (1996-1998)
 332Virginia Pension Reform (1999)
 333Virginia Port Authority – Dredging Project (1996-1997)
 334Virginia Retirement System (1992-1993)
 335Virginia Tourism (1997)
 336Virginia State Water Control Board (1987-1993)
 337Warsaw, Va. (1993)
 338-339Washington-Baltimore Bypass (1990-1991)
 340Waste Regulations (1997,1999 House Bill 2430)
 341Waste Water Treatment System (1998)
 342-343Water Quality Improvement Act Amendments (1997-1999)
 344-345Westmoreland County, Va. (1990-1994)
 346Westmoreland County Democratic Committee (1987-1996)
 347Wetlands-Tullock Ditching (1999)
 348Workers’ Compensation (1993-1998)
 349York Watershed Council (2000)

Series 3. Campaign Materials, 1987-1999.

This series contains campaign materials relating to Murphy’s years in the Virginia House of Delegates. These materials include campaign finance reports, receipts, statements of economic interest, voter surveys, and other similar materials.

Box 19

Folders350-356Campaign Finance Reports (1993-1999)                                                                                           
 357Campaign materials (n.d.)
 358Campaign receipts (1997-1999)
 359Candidate Questionnaire (1997)
 360Correspondence (1993, 1995)
 361-362Statement of Economic Interest (1987-1999)
 363-365Survey of Voter Attitudes in Virginia’s Ninety-ninth Delegate District (1993, 1995)

Series 4. Personal Materials, 1982-2000.

This series contains the personal papers of Murphy which includes correspondence, invitations, photographs, and other materials. These materials are filed by subject.

Box 20

Folder366Accounts (1982-1999)                                                                                            
 367Awards (1998-2000)
 369-372Correspondence (1989-1999)
 373Flags (1994, 1997)
 374Greeting Cards (1999)
 375Housing and Club Information (1981-1983)
 376Invitations (1992-1999)
 378Newspaper clippings
 379Oliver North – Senate Race (1994)
 381Programs and Speeches
 383Tayloe Murphy International Business Studies Center (1991-1993)
 384University of Virginia Fund Raising (1995)
 385-388Videos (1995, 1997)

NOTE: Oversize materials are stored in Box 21.

Last updated: January 9, 2009