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Chapter
1
Virginia’s Traffic in the Atlantic World
Letter from George Washington to Governor Robert Dinwiddie (Front)
Chapter
2
The French and Indian War
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Chapter
3
Virginia and the Planter Class
Time Period

1623 to 1763

Virginia’s Traffic in the Atlantic World

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Portrait of William Byrd II of Westover plantation, about 1724. William Byrd II developed refined tastes in England, where he was educated and became a member of London’s prestigious Royal Society. He founded Richmond and Petersburg. ( VMHC 1973.6)
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Dutch tin-enameled earthenware tile, 1620-1635. The depiction of an African camel on this decorative tile found at Jordan’s Journey in Prince George County is evidence of Dutch commerce that reached from the slave markets of Africa to the New World. (Courtesy of the Department of Historic Resources)
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Dutch Delftware ointment pot, about 1625–1650
Dutch Delftware ointment pot, about 1625–1650. Excavated at Jordan’s Journey, Prince George County.
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Woodland Hoe Blade, about 1500
Woodland Hoe Blade, about 1500. The hoe was used to till or turn over the soil in farming and allowed the cultivation of large quantities of food to support growing populations. (Courtesy of the Department of Historic Resources)
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Iron wrist shackles, 1600–1700. 12.5 million Africans were enslaved and transported from Africa to North and South America—128,000 were brought to the Chesapeake Bay region against their will and in chains.

Explore Time Periods

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16,000 BCE to 1622 CE
A Land of Opportunity: Creating Virginia
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1623 to 1763
A Distant Dominion
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1764 to 1824
From British Colony to American State
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1825 to 1860
Challenge of a New Century
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1861 to 1876
Civil War and Reconstruction
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1877 to 1924
Virginia in the New South
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1925 to Today
Dynamic Dominion

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