American Indian History
The Indigenous peoples of what would become Virginia, including the eleven state recognized nations (Cheroenhaka, Nottoway, Patowomeck, Pamunkey, Chickahominy, Eastern Chickahominy, Mattaponi, Upper Mattaponi, Rappahannock, Nansemond and Monacan Indian Nation,), cultivated their land and developed societies and cultural identities for millennia prior to European contact. Colonization by European settlers threatened Indigenous people’s very existence through war, by forcibly removing them from their ancestral land, and attempting to erase their language and culture. With resilience and resistance, Indigenous nations persisted in affirming their cultural identities. The Story of Virginia is deeply connected to the history and culture of Indigenous peoples past, present, and future.